Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam lives in the hearts of the Indian people known as 'The Missile Man of India'. He was a great scientist who made many new inventions. He has been awarded honorary doctorates from at least 30 universities as well as the country's three highest civilian awards. It is a real success because success is the product of luck, vision, and commitment.

    APJ means Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Tamil Nadu. A Muslim family in the pilgrimage center of Rameswaram on Pamban Island. His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque. His mother Ashiamma was a housewife. Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister. By his early childhood, Kalam's family had become poor. He sold the newspaper to supplement his family's income. No amount to study so he pick tamarind seeds that fell on the ground in a bag and sold them in a shop and studied with that little money.
    In his school years, Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He spent many hours on his studies, especially in mathematics subject. After completing his education at the Schwartz higher secondary school (Ramanathapuram, Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph's college situated in (Tiruchirappalli). Then affiliated with the University of Madras where he graduated in physics in 1954. He moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. While Kalam was working on a senior class project, the Dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress & threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days. Kalam met the deadline who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline".
    He narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers and only eight positions were available in the IAF post.
    After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam joined the aeronautical development establishment of the defense research and development organization  (DRDO) by the press information bureau, government of India as a scientist after becoming a member of the Defence Research and Development Service (DRDS). He started his career by designing a small hovercraft but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at DRDO. Kalam was also part of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) committee working under Vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist. In 1960, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO, where he was the project director of India's first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-all) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980. Kalam had first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received government approval and expanded the program to include more engineers. From 1963 to 1964, he visited NASA'S Langley Research Centre in Hampton, Virginia; Goddard's space flight center in the green belt, Maryland, and wallop s flight facility. Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV)&SLV- III projects, both of which proved to be successful.
    Kalam was invited by Raja Ramanna to witness the country's first nuclear test, smiling Buddha as the representative of TBRL, even though he had not keen to participate in its development. In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV program. Despite the disapproval of the Union Cabinet, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under kalams directorship. Kalam played an integral role in convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects. His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the Indian government to initiate an advanced missile program under his directorship.
    Kalam and Dr. VS Arunachalam, metallurgist and scientific advisor to the defense minister, worked on the suggestion by then defense minister, R. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one after another. R. Venkataraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating 3.88 billion for the mission named Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive.
    Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate-range ballistic missile, and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticized for mismanagement, cost, and time overruns. Kalam served as the chief scientific adviser to the prime minister and secretary of the defense research and development organization from July 1992 to December 1999. The Pokhran -II nuclear tests were conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the chief project coordinator along with Raja Gopalachidambaram, during the testing phase. Media coverage of Kalam during this period made him the country's best-known nuclear scientist. In 1998, along with the cardiologist Soma Raju, Kalam developed a low-cost coronary stent, named the "Kalam-Rajustent". In 2012, the duo designed a rugged tablet computer for health care in rural areas, which was named the "Kalam-Raju Tablet ".
    Kalam was fond of long hair, so he wanted to keep them slightly longer, but also wanted the haircut to be tidy and very easy to maintain. His style is called reverse graduation. He lived as an example of hard work, resilience, and a positive attitude. People will remember him as the most beloved president of India for his true dedication to work. He was known to be the "MISSILE MAN " for his scientific research work on the development of science and technology. These values of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam are so inspirational and motivational. He loved to travel to new places make new friends and innovate new scientific ideas. His favorite quote was " We must accept finite disappointments, but never lose infinite hope".
     Kalam served as the 11th president of India, by getting the succeeding K.R. Narayanan. He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884 surpassing the 107, 366 votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal.
    His term lasted from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. During his term as president, he was affectionately known as the people's president.
    • MISSILE MAN OF INDIA: On 18 July 1980 they launched the satellite called "ROHINI SATELLITE RS -1"
    • Launched site: SHAR center, Sri Hari Kota (India, (2) Launched vehicle: SLV -III
  • ORBIT: 305 ×919 km.
    No Indian will be without knowing him, he is the inventor of missiles and satellites. As a project director, he struggled a lot with the development of SLV-III. He said that working in ISRO is the biggest success of his life. In 1987, he came back as a director of DRDO and worked on guided missiles Agni, Ballistic, and Prithvi for this, he got his name as "MISSILE MAN OF INDIA ". Between 1970 and 1990 Kalam worked on projects SLV and SLV-III improvement and the two projects succeeded.
    In 1970, the SLV Rocket satellite was launched successfully. In 1998, he passed in Pokhran nuclear test. He was also associated with India's space program and missile development program projects.
    Wings of fire, Indian 2020, Naa Jeevana Gamana, etc.
    He has been awarded honorary doctorates from at least 30 universities as well as the country's three highest civilian awards for his literary work such as Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, and Bharat Ratna awards.
    • In 1981 - Padma Bhushan
    • In 1990- Padma Vibhushan
    • In 1997- Bharat Ratna
    • In 1997- Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration
    • In 1998 -Veer Savarkar Award
    • In 2000-Sastra Ramanujan prize fromShanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (India ).
    • In 2013 -Von Braun Award from the National Space Society
  • DEATH:
    On 27 July 2015 kalam traveled to Shillong to deliver a lecture on creating livable planet earth at the Indian Institute of Management in Shillong state. While climbing a flight of stairs, he experienced some discomfort but was able to enter the auditorium after a brief rest. Around 6:35 p.m. only five minutes into his lecture, he suddenly collapsed on the stage area. He was rushed to the nearby Bethany hospital in critical condition, upon arrival he lacked a pulse or any other signs of life. Despite being placed in the intensive care unit. Kalam was surely confirmed deceased of a sudden cardiac arrest of a heart attack at 7:45 p.m.
    He was a great personality and inspiration for the youth of the country. He is not physically present among us today but his great works and contribution will be with us forever in every phase of our life.
    Every man has one story, it may be good or bad that was in our hands. There are two ways one good and one bad which way you want you only decide
    How many days we live is not important but how many days our name is there in the hearts and minds of people is more important than the true success of our life. Success is the real product of luck, vision, and commitment.

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