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Politics is related to law. Politics is made to make the world disciplinary. All the parties which are involved in politics develop ways to keep citizens better. Politics is also associated with decision-making in groups or activities making plans. Political science is the study of the scientific study of politics. Political science is the scientific study of politics, the nature of political science is associated with social science concerned with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior

The constitution is associated with the mark of political rule. Politics is associated with ‘Polity’ which is associated with a form or process of civil government or constitution.

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Many political leaders are there who manage their teams. Various types of political parties are there -

  1. All India Trinomial Congress
  2. Bahujan Samaj Party
  3. Bharatiya Janata Party
  4. Communist Party of India
  5. Communist Party of India (Marxist)
  6. Indian National Congress
  7. Nationalist Congress Party
  8. National People’s Party

The power of politics is expressed in international relations which contends that the distribution of powers and national interests or changes to those distributions are fundamental causes of war and system stability.

Politics is an important constitution as it provides different types of fundamental rights and duties with forms articles according to various categories.

There are 4 types of politics such as:-

  • Expert:
    Power derived from knowledge or skills
  • Referent:
    Power derived from a sense of identification others feel toward it
  • Reward:
    Power derived from an ability to reward other
  • Coercive:
    Power derived from fear of punishment by others.

Politics has three types of authority:-

  • Charismatic Authority:-
    Charismatic authority comes from the personal charisma, strength,   and charm of an individual personality.
  • Traditional Authority:-
    The Legitimacy of traditional authority comes from traditions and Customs.
  • Rational- legal Authority:
    The nature of politics is a set of activities that are associated with decision-making in groups or other forms of power relations among individuals.

Category of Politics is  expressed in

  • Executive (government) - Head of the State
  • Legislature - Parliament - Congress
  • Judiciary - Law - Rule of Law

Politics follow some system to protect and maintain the law:

  • Democracy
  • Republic
  • Monarchy
  • Communism
  • Dictatorship
  • Authoritarian
  • Oligarchies
  • Totalitarian regimes
  • Aristocracy
  • Socialism
  • Theocracy
  • Colonialism

Politics is divided between the country and state:-

  • Executive (President and about 5,000,000 workers)
  • Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives)
  • Judicial ( Supreme Court and Lower court)

The election is meant by a formal group making decision process to choose from a population an individual or group of multiple individuals to hold a public office.

The function of politics is to safeguard the country and its neighboring areas and state. The politics  of the different country is different with different ruling systems

The role of elections:

The Election commission has the right to allow symbols to the political parties. It gives recognition to the national parties. It sets limits on poll expenses. The commission prepares electoral rolls and updates the voter’s list from time to time.

The election is conducted:

The Election commission is regarded as the guardian of elections in a country. Every election uses a mode of code of conduct for political parties and to conduct for political parties and candidates to conduct elections in a free and fair manner.

Functions of Election:

  • It enables voters to select the leaders of their choice and hold them accountable for  their performances in office
  • It helps to facilitate social and Political Integration.
  • Voting gives people an opportunity to have their say and through expressing partisanships satisfy their need to feel a sense of belonging.
  • It serves as a means of recruiting and appointing political leaders or office holders.
  • It serves as a means of effecting or ensuring a smooth range of government.
  • It ensures the acceptance of political leaders by the people.
  • It helps to ensure the stability of the government.
  • It allows full participation of the citizens, especially the electorate in the government of the country.
  • It makes a government popular and democratic responsible.
  • It serves as a means of ensuring that political sovereignty is vested in the public in a democracy.
  • Through election the ultimate will of the electorate is achieved.

Types of Elections -

An election is divided into different types:-

  • General Election
  • Primary Election
  • Special Elections
  • Presidential Elections and the Electoral College

The election follows some procedures  of voting systems such as :

  • Plurality Systems.
  • Majoritarian Systems
  • Proportional Systems
  • Mixed Systems
  • Additional features
  • Primary Elections
  • Indirect Elections
  • System used outside politics

Voting also has methods:

  • Paper-based  methods
  • Machine Voting
  • Online Voting
  • Postal Voting
  • Open Ballot
  • Other Methods
  • Characteristics of Election-:
  • Suffrage
  • Nomination
  • Electoral Systems
  • Scheduling
  • Election Campaigns

(Different countries' constitution is different.)

Importance of election:

Elections provide an important opportunity to advance democratization and encourage political liberalization. For an election to be free and fair, certain civil liberties, such as the freedoms of speech, association,  and assembly are required. Some importance of election are as follows:-

  • Elections are a significant and essential part of a democratic country
  • With the help of votes, citizens of the country can choose their representatives.
  • A person who is 18 years or more can freely enjoy the right to  voting
  • Every democratic nation runs on the slogan - of the people, by the people,    and for the people, through the election process,  it is completed.

The process of elections is critical in a democratic country. One of the main reasons is because it’s of the people, by the people,  and for the people. Without elections procedure,  a country may become a monarchy, dictatorship, or an authoritative government. Similarly,  politics play a significant role in providing proper dictatorship of the country with beneficiary management by the government. Politics and elections collaborate with each other.

Citations: (www.WALYBEN.com election definition , functions)

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