“In order to lead a meaningful life, you need to cherish others, pay attention to human values and try to cultivate inner peace”. - Dalai Lama
 Source: krakenimages on Unsplash

The values that human civilization appreciates and practises are well-known. Throughout history, sages, saints, and seers have developed practises that place a high value on human values, based on their experiences. Their names and languages may have differed, but the spirit remained the same. Human values are values that people cherish and hold in prevalent, consciously or unconsciously, in most locations and situations, and that they practise. Human values are the fruit of the human nature. This contains numerous valuable gains, the most valuable of which is tyaaga (renunciation).

Values are focused on the human's character and behaviour. Values also assess a person's activities in terms of whether they are good or terrible, fair or unfair. Values can also be defined as an individual's moral principles. Certain human activities, such as honesty, integrity, forgiveness, gratitude, and nonviolence, are considered as universal human values. A person's characteristics influence whether he becomes good or bad. The characteristics that we consider desirable in society make him good, while the characteristics that we deem bad make him aggressive, arrogant, selfish, and violent.

As rightly been said by one of the greatest Indian reformer's, Kailash Satyarthi, “Economic growth and human development need to go hand in hand. Human values need to be advocated vigorously”. Today, significant gaps exist between belief and action, knowledge and practise. Such rifts are the source of hypocrisy. This inconsistency has caused stress and anxiety in society. We recognize what is correct and want to eliminate it. Regrettably, our own acts fall short. According to Gandhi ji, social growth should strive to eliminate this conflict to the greatest extent possible.

Human values relevance in political and administrative reforms

Power misuse and corruption has harmed the country, according to today's politics and administration. A more responsive and honest governance is a reasonable answer. Only an administration founded on strongly rooted morality and ethics may be noble. Efforts that are largely superficial will not result in changes in human attitudes and behaviour unless they are based on values. Our national leaders were aware of this and have been emphasizing human values as a means of improving society. Value conflicts are widespread in the public sector, given the ever-increasing expectations and the recurring uncertainty in goals, obligations, and interactions.

 Source: Jon Tyson on Unsplash

For two or three decades after freedom concepts like justice, efficient governance, moral ideals, and societal obligations arise. Then a fresh generation of lawmakers emerged. The primary purpose of this group was to gain wealth and status by whichever means necessary. With their connections, wealth, and physical power, politicians and other powerful people began intervening in the day-to-day operations of the civil government. For financial gain, they began to take illicit benefits from the administration and to engage in felonious behaviours like as nepotism and corruption.

As value confrontations are widespread in numerous sections of the general populace sphere, managers and supervisors must negotiate, cope with, or resolve contradictory views amongst individuals or segments of the organization. Furthermore, new phases of decision-making, segmentation of authority, market-based reforms, politicization and electoral demands, decentralization or relocation, the expansion in the use of departments, changes in management of human resources and recruitment, methods of information sharing, and the advent of new technologies all pose challenges to traditional values in public services.

Looking at Bhagavad Gita for Human Values:

In today's world, man is confronted with several inner and external difficulties. Inner difficulties such as self-esteem, mental attention, and other reasons make a person unsure. Greater values such as sincerity, integrity, self-control, and many others, which are key parts of a vibrant character, are pushed to the background in the exercise.

A multitude of mind and body traits (values) must be established in learners from a young age in order to produce great citizens. The firmly held beliefs that influence our actions and behaviours are known as values. They are the convictions we have in our hearts. Values are our internal standards of behaviour, the founding ideas by which we survive and appreciate judgments. Our parents instill in us our initial set of ideals. Educators and the society in which we live continue to add to the list. Some religious traditions also influence our morals. There are a few fundamental principles that are inherent in all individuals, in all areas, at all times.

The Five Fundamental Human Universal Values are Truth (what we say), Right Action (what we do), Love (what we live), Peace (what we offer), and Nonviolence (the fruit). Human values are timeless essences that motivate, drive, charge and guide human behaviour in order to maintain and elevate both individuals and societies. Value Education is about instilling human values in students as well as preparing them to be responsible individuals. The entire planet has shrunken in geography and time as knowledge and networking technology have advanced, yet individual standards have sustained a significant blow. This necessitates the educational growth of competent and ethically fellow humans.

The Gita's principles The Gita is a little philosophical text that teaches readers regarding existence and how to handle it through the acquisition of various values. Values are the basic components of our lives and are found in several shalokas of the Gita. Values are taught in group form in five chapters of the Gita, after which one becomes a pleased and enlightened person. These are addressed in the Gita in a mixed manner as well. These are presented in groups in Chapters 2, 4, 12, 13, and 16.

Chapter 2 of the Gita of a Sthitaprajna - the yoga of knowing – contains values. The notions of Prakriti, Pursha, Soul, and Sthitaprajna are discussed in the second chapter. The Gita describes Sthitaprajna as a noble guy or flawless person who possesses all good values He is devoid of all mental wants and unaffected by sorrows. For him, pleasure and suffering are one and the same. He is sincere, understands the soul, is aware of the life cycle, and adheres to his Swadharma. He is unmoved by worldly ambitions and treats victory and defeat equally. He adheres to the Vedic teachings. In the yoga spirit, he performs not for the sake of fruits, but for the sake of action alone. He is unaffected by emotion, fear, or anger. He has a clear mind and is unattached to everything. He is strongly rooted in God.

Divine Qualities are discussed in Chapter 16 of the Gita. Human beings' divine and demonic impulses have been opposed to each other since the beginning of time, as detailed in Chapter 16. There are twenty-six divine characteristics that one should develop: Decisiveness (faith in God and his protective measures), Wholesome purities of mind/heart (clarity to truth), Stadfastness (in consume information and practising yoga), Charitable works (charity), Ego (power to limit sensory inputs), Religious rites (as per Vedas and other wonderful holy books), Right study (of great scriptures), Self-discipline (tapas, celibacy, discrimination practise).

Role of family and society for developing human values:

Source: Duy Pham on Unsplash

The role of the family and society in the development of a student's moral values is critical. Parents and children have a close relationship, which influences the child's personality. Values are founded on the foundation of family. Moral values such as honesty, happiness, peace, and justice are taught in children's minds, feelings, and acts, and they serve as standards and guidelines that guide their choices throughout their lives. If younger family members are trained in moral values in a systematic manner, the value system practised in the family grows habitual to them. The family develops a child's attitude towards people and society, assists in mental development, and supports the child's goals and values. The development of love, affection, tolerance, and charity in the family will be aided by a happy and joyful atmosphere. A youngster learns to behave by imitating what he observes in his environment. Family plays a significant part in assisting a child in socializing and has a solid importance and consequence on the child's development.

 Source: Yasin Yusuf on Unsplash

Students in institutions are participants of a small group that has a significant impact on their moral development. Teachers act as role models for children in the classroom. They have a significant role in instilling ethical behaviour in their children. Cheating, lying, stealing, and regard for others are all fostered by peers at Institution. Despite the existence of laws and regulations, educational institutions promote value education in students in an informal manner. They are crucial in the development of ethical behaviour in students. Individual and society ethics are linked through values. Precisely; Individuals have worth, but others have an impact on how those values are formed. Values are those norms or codes of conduct influenced by one's cultural doctrines and directed by conscience, whereby a human being is expected to conduct himself and construct his life patterns by merging his views, thoughts, and attitudes in intellectual frameworks.

Role of human values in Corporate Social Responsibility and Human Resource Management:

Source: Campaign Creators on Unsplash

The ideas of CSR and HRM are frequently discussed independently in both practice-oriented and scholarly contexts. This is believed to be an out-of-date strategy. From the observation that organizations are evolving towards open systems, it is clear that Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Human Resource Management (HRM) are closely intertwined. Cooperative action in open systems is built on humans' commitment to bring in and cultivate their skills as members of workplace organizations. As a result, the effective operation of companies becomes reliant on shared ideals among social networks. At the same time, these networks widen people's perceptions of what a company should do. This introduces the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Organizations are expected to take on a growing number of obligations, including delivering added value in the marketplace while also being socially responsible. These changes necessitate a repositioning of HRM's role and perception in favour of a new strategic approach dubbed Human Value Management.

Combining the corporation's financial and societal environments has become a need. Strategic HRM will undoubtedly help by:

  1. Concentrating on people – employees as the most valuable limited assets, the origin of advancement through their understanding, abilities, leadership, and creative thinking.
  2. Integrating human resources work into the organizational operations of not only personnel but also supervisors in order to improve human resource efficiency through individual and skilled advancement.
  3. Discussing employees' necessities, ambitions, inspiration, and personal value as the foundation for developing a corporate culture.
  4. It fosters de-centralization of administration and employee engagement in judgment call since it focuses on individual connections founded on trust and competence.
  5. Concerning the workforce – employees as an organizational component and allocating them growth objectives, the achievement of which is dependent on employee training and advancement.
  6. Incorporating more "human" and "social" standards into corporate governance.


Human values are a perspective about what is good, desired, and essential in the world. For the past few decades, contemporary society has been suffering a tremendous crisis. The ancient simplicity and deep links between family generations, as well as local cooperation, are quickly disappearing. Globalization has resulted in the trade of more than just supplies and cash; it has also resulted in the exchange of ideals, attitudes, and beliefs. As a result, the power of "global values" now rules supreme. Each of us has values enshrined in the finest aspects of ourselves, from which we spread those outwards. Human values could be used as a tool to address global issues. Many studies and publications on various parts of society should be conducted now in order to assist conserve the human values of humanity in the postmodern period. Human values could be viewed as crucial to resolving global issues. Several institutions already have established human values and moral values curriculum to help students develop their humanity.

.    .    .

(Online sources and Books)