ANIMAL RESCUE, CARE, AND WELFARE by listening about this topic I can not stop myself to think about renowned personality "Maneka Gandhi". Maneka Gandhi is an environmentalist and animal rights leader in India. She has earned international awards and acclaim. She was appointed chairwoman of the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) in 1995.

Gandhi has filed Public Interest Litigations that have achieved the replacement of the municipal killing of homeless dogs with a sterilization programme (Animal Birth Control programs, commonly abbreviated as ABCs), the unregulated sale of air guns (An air gun releasing two joules energy can kill a bird, five joules energy can kill a monkey and 20 joules can kill a human being. ) Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) “PFA received hundreds of complaints from people about how their neighbours were shooting stray dogs and how children were doing target practice on birds and other animals. “To us, this suggested a trend which led to a stakeholder consultation and then we decided that there should be some kind of restriction,” she said and a ban on mobile or travelling zoos. She started the organization People for Animals in 1992 and it is the largest organization for animal rights/welfare in India. Gandhi is also a patron of International Animal Rescue. She also anchored the weekly television program Heads and Tails, highlighting the suffering meted out to animals due to their commercial exploitation. She is the founder of People For Animals and is currently the chairperson of this organization. Whilst serving India as a political member of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Gandhi founded India's largest organization for animal rights and welfare, People For Animals.

Maneka Gandhi shuts down Delhi animal shelter for overhaul after ‘para-vet assault kills dog’. Maneka Gandhi, who started the Sanjay Gandhi Animal Care Centre, said the temporary closing is to ensure upgraded infrastructure, better staffing, and animal sensitivity training. It's last year's news nothing so much old news.

Across the globe, animals have been subjected to torture and mistreatment at hands of humans far too many times to count. And yet, with a little love, attention, and care, these same animals again love humans with fierce dedication. I am here to say a few names of NGOs working on welfare for animals so that you also got aware of those organizations:- 

  1. Animal Aid Unlimited,2002-Udaipur, Rajasthan
  2. People For Animals-India's largest animal welfare organization with a nationwide network of 26 hospitals, PFA works to 'rehabilitate and rescue sick and needy animals'.
  3. Wildlife SOS India,1995- Mathura and Agra, UP
  4. Red Paws Rescue-Originally started as an initiative by a 17-year-old girl, Delhi
  5. Visakha Society for Protection and Care of Animals (VSPCA India)-Since 1996 protected sea turtles, rescuing old and abandoned animals. Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
  6. Sanjay Gandhi Animal Care Centre (SGACC), 1980- India's and Asia’s largest all-animal shelter. Its aim is to rescue, treat, and rehabilitate animals in need and a 24x7 animal ambulance is available for the same purpose. Delhi.
  7. Stray Relief and Animal Welfare (STRAW) India-Delhi
  8. Help In Suffering- Animal rescue projects are conducted with the help of five rescue ambulances and two mobile clinic vehicles, under the guidance of trained vets. Jaipur, Rajasthan
  9. The Blue Cross of India-Blue Cross of India has been rescuing animals since 1964.Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  10. The Bombay Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals (BSPCA) -Since 1874 its working, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  11. International Animal Rescue Goa-Since 1998, when IARG first started, they have sterilized more than 30,000 dogs, and 11,000 cats, and vaccinated over 60,000 dogs against rabies. Goa

That's what NGOs could do but have you ever thought about what you can do for animal rescue, care, and welfare and not just thought to have a pet dog or pet cat is sufficient or justified because unconsciously you are doing it for your convenience, loneliness, or security purposes. 

Do you know the interesting facts about animals Pythagoreans long ago believed that animals experience the same range of emotions as humans (Coates 1998), and current research provides compelling evidence that at least some animals likely feel a full range of emotions, including fear, joy, happiness, shame, embarrassment, resentment, jealousy, rage, anger, love, pleasure, compassion, respect, relief, disgust, sadness, despair, and grief? The emotional states of many animals are easily recognizable. Their faces, their eyes, and the ways in which they carry themselves can be used to make strong inferences about what they are feeling. Changes in muscle tone, posture, gait, facial expression, eye size and gaze, vocalizations, and odors (pheromones), singly and together, indicate emotional responses to certain situations. Even people with little experience observing animals usually agree with one another on what an animal is most likely feeling. It is very difficult to deny categorically that no other animals enjoy themselves when playing, are happy when reuniting, or become sad over the loss of a close friend. Consider wolves when they reunite, their tails wagging loosely to and fro and individuals whining and jumping about. Consider also elephants reuniting in a greeting celebration, flapping their ears and spinning about, and emitting a vocalization known as a “greeting rumble.” Courtship and mating are two activities in which many animals regularly engage. Many animals seem to fall in love with one another just as humans do. Wow !! don't you think its an amazing thing that the animals have emotions but they can't speak and what humans do to them they inside from their hearts afraid, scared of them and those same humans go to zoos, adventure trips to sanctuaries and click their selfies with animals just to post on social media nowadays. I wonder sometimes where the connection lost which we have in our minds from childhood by watching cartoon series Mowgli - THE JUNGLE BOOK. That series is still the perfect example infront of our eyes which portrayed the every emotion of wild animals.

Just now I remembered JUNE 2020 in lockdown and the crucial time of covid we gone through that news was going viral  "Elephant in Kerala dies after suspected firecrackers hidden in fruit exploded in her mouth" The death of a pregnant wild elephant, suspected to have been fatally injured after eating fruit stuffed with firecrackers that exploded in her mouth, has stirred public outrage in India as authorities investigate the incident. The elephant died on May 27 while standing in the middle of a river in the southern state of Kerala, four days after she was found injured, according to Ashique Ali, a local forest officer. "The postmortem report says that there was an explosion in the mouth. We have not caught any of the culprits. We don't know yet what caused the explosion," Ali said, adding that the animal was found to be one-month pregnant. He said local villagers sometimes leave pineapples and other sweet fruits filled with firecrackers around their fields to ward off wild boars (pigs), which might have caused the explosion in the elephant's mouth. Two other elephants were brought to lead the injured animal out of the water, but she refused to move and remained there until she died, Ali added. Conservationists estimate that India has some 27,000 wild elephants, but their habitat is increasingly under pressure as human settlements encroach on nature reserves. 

HOW MANY ?? of remembered that incident till now . 2 years gone but still I feel its the most painful incident I have ever heard about regarding animals.

The best way to learn about the emotional lives of animals is to spend considerable time carefully studying them—conducting comparative and evolutionary ethological, neurobiological, and endocrinological research.

Those only we who can save our future by caring for, rescuing, and doing welfare actions towards those innocent animals who can't speak but can express emotions far more correctly than we could do ever. For me, animals are like those innocent babies who want our attention from our affection and don't forget we Indian believe in the cow, a revered animal in Hinduism. It represents Mother Earth, as it is a source of goodness and its milk nourishes all creatures. Krishna, a central Hindu deity, is often portrayed in stories recounting his life as a cowherd and referring to him as the child who protects cows. And snake referred as Naag Raj, followers of shiva or Vishnu worship snake Vasuki and Shesh nag too. Loin with Maa Durga and mouse with Ganesha and so on and on every incarnation of God somehow taught us how to connect with animals and we are forgetting our natural treasures in terms of animals and I can't say anything about them who enjoy their meals in form of non-veg and spreading spirituality as well but that bitter but truth. 

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