India is rapidly increasing its industrialization activities and the energy consumption is boosting directly with it. The energy usage of India is expected to be more than double by 2040. And thus, energy conservation plays a very significant role in today's time. With the rapid population growth, the requirement for energy is increasing continuously. Therefore, every year, the “Energy Conservation Day” is celebrated on 14 December to raise awareness among the citizens of India about the significance of energy efficiency and energy conservation.

To take constructive steps towards energy conservation, the Energy Conservation Act was implemented by the Energy Efficiency Bureau (BEE) in 2001. The Energy Efficiency Bureau of India is a constitutional body which works under the Government of India and helps in the development of policies and strategies to reduce the utilisation of energy. The initiative to observe the Energy Conservation Day was taken by the BEE, and on this day, several events such as conferences, discussions, and workshops, etc. are held across the nation to observe the Energy Conservation Day of India.

According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the mandatory energy efficiency policies of India cover only 23% of its energy usage. The energy efficiency improvements from 2000 to 2017 prevented only 6% of additional energy use. The biggest energy efficiency opportunities are less in the Indian industries. From 2000 to 2017, the energy demand doubled in India, and under the Efficient World Scenario, the increase could be limited to just 82% between this decade and 2040. The activity of energy conservation is an effort made to decrease the consumption of energy and to utilize limited energy so that energy sources can be conserved for future uses. However, we all conveniently ignore the fact that even we can take part to conserve energy by making some changes in our daily lives. By utilizing the following easy techniques, we all can save some amount of energy for a promising future.

Some effective methods to save Energy at home:

  1. Turn off televisions, computer monitors and other appliances when not in use.
  2. Use energy-efficient appliances, for instance, LED light bulbs.
  3. Take shorter showers.
  4. Use power strips if possible, they are the devices that plug into your wall and offer several sockets to plug in your other electronics.
  5. Set the water heater to the lowest comfortable setting.
  6. Turn off lights in the daylight or when you are not in the room
  7. Clean or replace air filters of your Air Conditioners and heaters.
  8. Try to solve any electric issues at home quickly.

Most of the energy sources people use in their daily lives are non-renewable, they cannot be reused and renewed. The grand task of energy conservation is achievable for India either by using energy more efficiently or by decreasing the proportion of service use. Some scientists even believe that our energy resources may last only for another 40 years or so. The Energy Conservation Day on 14 December focuses on global and bigger issues like global warming and climate change and it promotes efforts towards saving energy resources. Hence, every individual must include energy preservation manners in their behaviour and this energy conservation can protect the future of India.