Uttarakhand is one of the most stunning places in India with its cosmic feelings and scenic beauty. It is additionally famous as the ‘Land of the Gods’ or ‘Dev Bhumi’. It is situated in Northern India and it is a great pilgrimage and tourist spot. Uttarakhand is rich in natural resources including rivers, glaciers, dense forests, and snow-covered hills. The four most sacred and respected Hindu temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamnotri, popularly known as ‘Char-Dham’ are situated in Uttarakhand, and thus it is called the land of Gods or Dev Bhumi. The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun and it's High Court is located in Nainital.

Uttarakhand has a long and prospering history of great emperors including Kanishka, Samudragupta, Palas, Chandras, and Pawaras. The reference of Uttarakhand also exists in various Hindu scriptures. The name has been taken out from the Sanskrit language, and it means the ‘Northen City’. The state of Uttarakhand is a grand mixture of religion, culture, and ethnicity. But very few people know that Uttarakhand was originally named ‘Uttaranchal’. It was separated from Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000. And at that time, it was known as Uttranchal. The bordering states of Uttarakhand are Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. The name Uttaranchal has a relatively deep, and intriguing past, dating back to the early 90s. Several conflicts were happening in the hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh in the early 90s, and the people from hilly regions were protesting about their difficulties and the negligence of the government towards them.

Several political parties and other group were trying to find a permanent solution which will solve the issues of hilly regions. After some years in 1979, the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal initially began the ‘Uttarakhand Movement’ with the objective of the formation of a separate hill state. And after years of debates, politics, violent protests, and a few blood baths, in 1998, the BJP-led coalition government in the center sent the ‘Uttaranchal Bill’ to the Government of Uttar Pradesh through the President of India.

With 26 amendments the Uttaranchal Bill was passed by the Uttar Pradesh Assembly and sent back to the Central Government. The Central Government on 27 July 2000, presented the Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Bill 2000 in the parliament of India, and the bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 1 August 2000. Then-president of India, K.R. Narayanan approved the Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Bill, on 28 August 2000, and then it turned into Act and eventually on 9 November 2000 the new state Uttaranchal came into existence as the 27th state. And in 2007, the name of the state was officially altered from Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand. Since then, 9th November is grandly celebrated as the ‘Uttarakhand Foundation Day’.

Even this year, the government of Uttarakhand has planned to celebrate the foundation day with several celebrations and with some important declarations. The government is determined to launch some significant projects during the Uttarakhand Foundation Day celebrations. The prominent projects include the nation's longest motorable single-lane bridge of Dobra Chanti and providing free Wi-Fi connections to all the government degree colleges of the state. On 3 November, the Chief Minister Tricendra Singh Rawat, along with other Ministers and senior state officials, discussed plans to celebrate the 21st Uttarakhand Foundation Day on November 9.

On November 8, the CM Tricendra Singh Rawat is scheduled to flag off a mountain bike rally. The CM would moreover inaugurate the project under which all government degree colleges would be given free Wi-Fi connections. Further, the CM would inaugurate the nation's longest motorable single-lane bridge in the Dobra Chanti area in Tehri District, ending a 14-year wait for the people of this region. This 440-meter long bridge will serve a population of three lakh, and it has come up for Rs.150 crores.

The District Magistrates would ensure functions in their respective districts and the public representatives would also look after the events in their area. In the presence of a limited number of people, the CM would attend the state foundation day parade at Dehradun Police Lines on November 9. After the event at Dehradun police lines, the CM would attend a function at Gairsain, the summer capital of Uttarakhand. Even after the chaotic history of Foundation day, today it is celebrated with a lot of peace and harmony. And the true heaven Uttarakhand will always reside as a beautiful and peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of life.



(Source - www.britannica.com / www.himalyanbuzz.com / www.timesofindia.com / Wikipedia)