Any country's constitution is the most significant aspect to maintain law and order in the country and to sustain a favorable democracy as well. India is the biggest demographic nation in the world, and the Constitution of India is also considered as one of the best-structured constitutions. The Indian constitution was made after several studies and suggestions by multiple experts and committees. And November 26 is largely celebrated as National Law Day or the Constitution Day to cherish the efforts of the founders of the Constitution of India.

Indian Constitution was created under the ‘Constituent Assembly of India’, and it was established on 9th December 1946 to write the Constitution of India. This assembly held 11 sessions and took 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days before it signed two copies of the document, one in Hindi, named “Bhartiya Samvidhan” and another In English, named “The Constitution of India”. Originally, there were 395 articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedules in the constitution. The drafting committee was chaired by Dr. B R Ambedkar, who was the Law Minister then. He is also known as the father of the Indian Constitution. There were 15 women among the 284 members of the Constituent Assembly. Each member signed both the Hindi and the English versions of the constitution. A proposal to celebrate November 26 as National Law Day first came in 1979 to celebrate the adoption of the constitution. A prominent jury member and parliamentarian L M Sanghvi recommended to the Supreme Court Bar Association that November 26 should be observed as National Law Day to celebrate the completion of the Indian constitution. Accordingly, a resolution was passed in 1979 by the Supreme Court Bar Association. Thereafter 26th November came to be celebrated as ‘National Law Day’, but only till 2015.

Our current Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced a new change in October 2015. He proposed that November 26 should also be celebrated as the ‘Constitution Day’ as a tribute to Dr. B R Ambedkar, who chaired the Constituent Assembly of India. On November 19, 2015, the government released a journal notification that declared November 26 as the ‘Constitution Day’. Numerous celebrations were held that year as it was also the B R Ambedkar's 125th birth anniversary. In 2017, the National Law Day or the Constitution Day was celebrated jointly by NITI Aayog and the Law Commission of India with the grand celebrations of two days. From these recent years, this auspicious day is celebrated as both the ‘National Law Day’ and the ‘Constitution Day’. The newly declared Constitution Day is also known as the ‘Samvidhan Divas’.

The Constitution of India has numerous significant features. It is inspired by the constitutions of several countries, and it is the longest written constitution in the entire world. The original constitution was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada with each page beautified by artists from Shantiniketan. Indian Constitution is considered as one of the perfectly-made constitutions in the world, because as of January 2020, there have been only 104 amendments in the Indian constitution. The Indian Constitution is incredibly significant to maintain a lawful, safe, and cheerful environment in the country.



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