Image by Stephan Streuders - pexels

Nature has made many beautiful creations to maintain prosperity and happiness among the living beings. Animals include all birds, insects, aquatic, herbivores, carnivores as well as omnivores. Each and every creation takes part in making a healthy ecosystem, for example, a crow (crow) plays an important role in maintaining hygiene and cleanliness in our society.

But the excessive greed of people has made everyone blin to develop more number of industries and get all synthetic products is now destroying the ecosystem. Many forests are cleared already. The data suggests us that earth’s most dense forest known as the lungs of our mother earth “The Amazon Rainforest” has an area of 3,431,113 km in the year 2004, in the year 2005 it covered an area of 3412,099 km which causes an annual forest loss of 19,014 km. this process continues every year, and each year the density of the forest decreases gradually. According to a recent survey it is left with an area of 2.3 million sq. miles in the year 2020.

Many animals who were dependent on the rainforest are endangered and some are on the border to be endangered.

  • The South America Tapir
  • Giant Otters
  • The Vakari Monkey
  • White-cheeked spider monkey and many more

Just to fulfill our gride and give us a luxurious life our ecosystem is paying a heavy cost which is going to affect our future generations. If we just magnify India so many species are extinct.

For example:

  • Indian Aurochs
  • Pink Headed Ducks
  • Sundarban Dwarf Rhinoceros
  • Northern Sumatran rhinoceros
  • Astatic Cheetah

the main reason for this high level of extinction of species is directly or indirectly because the humans

  • mass clearing of forests
  • high-level industrialisation
  • uncontrolled pollutions
  • using body parts of animals (lead to the killing of animals)

These are some of the reasons for the imbalance in the ecosystem.

By viewing the cause and consequences of this heavy destruction many government and non-government organisation are now putting their hands forwards to help those speechless animals. “The Wildlife Protection Act” launched by the Indian Government in 1972 was the 1st step toward animal conservation. under this act law no. 53 was also amended which reveals a heavy punishment.

It has also created an “Animal Welfare Board Of India” which ensures the well-being of animals. This organisation amends the laws for animal safety . it was established in the year 1962 under section 4 of the “Prevention of the cruelty of Animals Act”,1960. many important NGOs also work under it, for example, CUPA {Karnataka} USPCA
[India, Andra Pradesh], The blue cross of India [Tamil Nadu], etc.

PETA[ people for the ethical treatment of animals ] is one of the largest organisation having 6.5 million members and supporters. It creates awareness among the human society and becomes the speech for the speechless.


Human intense greed is the base of all this destruction. Killing many animals necessarily in the name of development and employment and also by creating a religious belief among the society. But now the condition is slightly better than before, slowly people are becoming aware of this, schools and college students are playing a great role in helping NGOs and many organizations. Every year Nation Wildlife day is celebrated on 3rd March. These all are creating awareness and helping all animals to grow up together.

Now the government has also taken initiative by building wildlife sanctuaries, zoos for the protection and rescue them from being endangered. Such sanctuaries are

  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Rajasthan.
  • Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary. Odisha.
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. Kerala.
  • Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary. Gujarat.
  • Govind Wildlife Sanctuary. Uttarakhand.
  • Madumalai Sanctuary. Tamil Nadu. etc

Hope this mission becomes successful in the coming days.

.    .    .